Facts about Mount Everest That you Must Know
Mount Everest is the highest altitude mountain in the world at 8,848 m (29,029 feet). It has marveled trekkers and climbers since it first caught the gaze of people from outside Nepal and Tibet in the 19th century.
Many facts about Everest, including its height, first ascent, location, etc. are widely known. However, there are countless other records and facts about Everest that are not known by everybody.
Test your knowledge about the highest altitude mountain in the world by going through our list of some common, uncommon and rare facts about Everest that you must know.
Common facts about Everest:
- Mount Everest stands at an altitude of 8,848 m (29,029 ft), making it the highest mountain in the world.
- Mount Everest is located at the border between Nepal and China, with its summit separating the two countries.
- The first ascent of Everest was completed in 1953 by the duo of Tenzing Norgay Sherpa (Nepal) and Sir Edmund Hillary (New Zealand).
- The first woman to successfully climb Everest was Junko Tabei of Japan who did it in 1975.
- The altitude of Mount Everest was fixed in 1955 by an Indian Survey Team.
- Mount Everest is called Chomolungma (or Qomolangma) in the Tibetan language. It means Holy Mother of the Universe. It is called Sagarmatha in Nepali, which means the forehead of the sky.
- Mount Everest is located inside Sagarmatha National Park in the Solukhumbu District of Nepal. The park was established in 1976.
- Mount Everest is named after British Surveyor Sir George Everest, who had undertaken the first survey of Everest while he was the Surveyor General of India under British Rule.
- Mount Everest is situated in the Mahalangur sub-range of the Himalayan Range.
- The geographical position of Everest is 27° 59′ N latitude and 86° 56′ E longitude.
- Kami Rita Sherpa of Nepal holds the record for the most successful ascent to Everest with 24 climbs.
- Lakpa Gelu Sherpa of Nepal made the fastest ascent to Everest in 2003, climbing it in 10 hours and 56 minutes.
Uncommon facts about Mount Everest
- Mount Everest is over 40 million years old despite being situated in the youngest mountain range on earth – the Himalayas.
- A strong wind with a gush speed of up to 200 miles per hour blows around the summit of Mount Everest.
- Mount Everest was known as Peak XV by the first Western Surveyors before it got its current name in 1865.
- The temperature at the top of Mount Everest can get as low as – 30-degree Celsius (- 80-degree Fahrenheit).
- The first attempt to climb Everest was made in 1921 by a British Expedition from the Tibetan side.
- Pasang Lhamu Sherpa is the first Nepali woman to climb the peak.
- More than 10,000 successful summits have been made on Everest since 1953. (As of December 2019).
- You have to be 16 years or older to climb Mount Everest from the Nepali side.
- It takes about 40 days on average to climb (and come down) Mount Everest from Everest Base Camp.
- Everest is surrounded by Changtse (7,560 m), Khumbutse (6,665 m), Lhotse (8,516 m) and Nuptse mountains (7,861 m).
Rare facts about Everest
- Yuichiro Miura of Japan was the first man to Ski down the slope of Mount Everest in 1970.
- Miura is also the oldest person to climb Everest, having climbed Everest in 2013 when he was 80 years old.
- Lhakpa Sherpa of Nepal holds the record for most climbs by women with 10 successful ascents.
- Dave Hahn of the United States holds the record for most climbs by a foreigner with 15 successful ascents.
- Reinhold Messner of Italy and Peter Habeler of Austria were the first people to climb Everest without supplemental oxygen. They did it in 1978.
- Ang Rita Sherpa of Nepal holds the record for a most ascent without supplemental oxygen with 10 climbs.
- Jean-Marc Boivin of France performed the first successful descent from Everest via paragliding in 1988.
- Russian Base Jumper Valery Rozov became the first person to Base Jump from the top of Everest in 2013. He thus set the world record for the highest altitude Base Jump.
- As of December 2019, 306 people have died while attempting to climb Everest since 1921.
- 5,780 different people have climbed Everest till now with 10,155 different summit reaches.
- Babu Chiri Sherpa became the first man to spend the night in the Everest summit in 1999.
- Jordan Romero of the USA became the youngest Everest Climber when he did it at the age of 13 in 2010.
- A spider named Euophrys Omnisuperstes was found at the height of 6,700 m (21,981 ft), possibly making it the highest non-microscopic living organism on earth.