Five Base Camp Treks in Nepal
A mountainous country, Nepal lies on the kind lap of the Himalayas. So there are various excellent routes for the Base Camp Treks in Nepal. Nepal is world-famous for its natural beauty and uniquely famed tradition and cultures. The hilarious flora and fauna, tranquil lakes and rushing waterfalls, diverse landscape, panoramic snow-capped mountains, best of all Mt Everest (8,848m), the tallest mountain in the world, etc, give the country a charming beauty.
Nepal is a Himalayan country and Nepal takes pride for nestling 8 peaks above eight thousand meter out of 14 such peaks in the world. These Mountains peaks include Mt. Everest, Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Dhaulagiri, Manaslu, and Annapurna. Nepal has approximately 2000 peaks among them 17 peaks are above 8000m, 40 peaks are between 7500m to 8000m, 1253 peaks are between 6000m to 7500m, and 603 peaks are between 5500m to 6000m altitude. At present, there are 326 peaks opened for mountaineering expedition including 13 peaks above 8000m altitude.
The overwhelming presence of the majestic peaks was not much identified until few years back. And there are still many peaks to be identified. The glory of the mountain peaks in Nepal came into light when Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa ascended Everest for the first time on 29th May 1953. Many tourists, duo domestic and international make their frequent visit to the Himalayas just to witness the grandeur of the nature.
Truly speaking, the mountains are the back bone of the Nepalese Tourism Industry. These mountains provide the endless opportunities of hiking, trekking, mountaineering, sightseeing and more. The diversional landscape, insurmountable hills, fertile valleys etc have been enriching this tiny country for ages. Many tourists want a complete adventure in Nepal. They want to be as high as possible. The Base Camp of some of the mountains is strikingly beautiful and they afford the best panoramas. The experience to be there is incomparable. This blog is also about the five such base camp treks in Nepal.
What is a Base Camp Trek?
Base Camp Trek is simply an activity of ascending the Base Camp of the Significant Mountain Peaks. Base Camps are the campsites at the foot of the mountains that are used by the trekkers or climbers during their ascent and descent. Base Camps are also popular among hikers. Base Camp is also the place where food and general supplies are kept, especially for people climbing mountain. Travelling to the Base Camp of any mountain is as adventurous and challenging as climbing the mountain itself. Therefore, Base Camp Treks are popular packages for the adventure seekers.
Activities to Pursue during Base Camp Treks in Nepal
- Scenic Mountain Flight
- Cultural Walk
- Exploration of nature
Best Time for Base Camp Treks in Nepal
The best seasons to trek around the Base Camps in Nepal are Autumn and Spring. In fact, these seasons are the peak seasons for tourism in Nepal as well. The Autumn Season lasts for September to November. Normally, the weather is warm during the day and cold at night during this season. Trekking around the trail in Autumn is easy because the trail is not too slippery and wet. The season of autumn affords you with the clear sky, pleasant and majestic view of the Himalayas.
After the Autumn, the Spring Season is considered to be the best season to trek around the Base Camp. This season normally falls between March and April. The temperature during this season is moderate, neither too hot nor too cold. Different species of flowers bloom in this season. Weather of this season is not as stable as Autumn, but you can experience stunning views of mountains and wild orchids in this season.
Common Highlights of the Base Camp Treks
- Majestic Peaks
- Cultural Villages
- Unparallel varieties of Floras and Fauna
- Cultural Heritage Sites
- Remote trails
- Mind blowing hospitality
Everest Base Camp Trek
Everest Base Camp Trekking is nevertheless the best trekking destination on the foot of the tallest mountain of the world: Mount Everest (8,848m). It lies in the North-Eastern part of Nepal in Solukhumbu District of Province no. 1. This Trekking is full of ultimate Himalayan virtues. The spotlight of this trekking is Kalapatthar: the best viewpoint in the region. This trek encompasses glistening peaks, stunning glaciers, ancient monasteries, and fascinating Sherpa people. This is indeed a historical trek. It is amongst the most famous treks in the world. The unique Sherpa culture and hospitality and the most beautiful settlements of Namche, Khumjung, Phakding are enchanting as well as alluring.
The Everest Base Camp Trek is the rare opportunity to witness the Khumbu Icefall from proximity. You can also observe the expedition teams getting ready for the Everest Expedition. Like we have mentioned above, it is the spiritual land of Mountains all around. Chortens, Mani Walls, Prayer Flags, Monasteries etc easily attracts the visitors.
Highlights of Everest Base Camp Trek
- Spectacular view of Mount Everest and other peaks
- Kala patthar (5,545m): best viewpoints in the region
- Nepal’s biggest Khumbu and longest Ngozumpa Glaciers
- The oldest and biggest monastery: Tengboche Monastery
- Pristine landscapes, admirable culture, lofty mountains etc.
Annapurna Base Camp Trek
Annapurna Base Camp Trek is the first commercial trek in Nepal. It is quite easy and short trek in comparison to other high altitude treks in Nepal. This trekking is the most amazing walk through diverse landscapes and culture. It does contain the extraordinary variety of eco-systems. The phenomenal climatic condition, rich heritages of Gurung Communities amidst the shadow of Machhapuchhre and Dhaulagiri are fabulous. You will enjoy incredible scenery, engaging culture, comfortable accommodation in this trip.
Annapurna Base Camp Trek is also popularly known as Annapurna Sanctuary Trek. It is the most popular travel destination in Nepal. Most trailheads are easily accessible from Pokhara. The heart stealing glamour of nature, mountain panoramas, rich biodiversity of the region and noticeable people and culture highlight the place as the best travel destination around the planet.
Highlights of Annapurna Base Camp Trek
- Step on to ABC (4,130m): foot of world’s 10th highest Mountain
- Short hike to Poonhill and view sunrise
- Rich in bio- diversity and Culture
- Close up views of candid mountain peaks
Manaslu Base Camp Trek
Mount Manaslu (8,163m) is the eight highest mountain peak of the world. Manaslu is also popularly known as the mountain of the spirit. Mount Manaslu is one of the most beautiful peaks that stand still at the western Nepal. Trekking around Manaslu Base Camp is a unique experience as it has off-the-beaten-trekking trails. Manaslu Base Camp Trek is exciting and adventurous. It covers rivers, valleys, passes, forests, unique people and culture. Indeed, this trek offers you spiritual trekking experiences.
Manaslu Expedition is slightly more difficult than other trekking destinations in Nepal like Annapurna Circuit or Everest Base Camp trek. This is because of the different factors like high altitude, cold weather, and slippery routes.
Manaslu Base Camp Trek is also the most highlighted area for opportunities. It is also worth visiting for experiencing the unique cross section of human culture and nature.
Highlights of Manaslu Base Camp Trek
- Step on the foot of world’s eight highest peak
- Tranquil trails
- Tibetan Buddhist Culture
- Challenging Hike to Birendra Glacier and Manaslu Base Camp
- Best classic trek in Nepal
Makalu Base Camp Trek
Everest Region of Nepal is really a wonderland in the world. It is ecologically the best place ever and has a number of beautiful mountains. Makalu (8485m) is the fifth highest mountain of the world. Mount Makalu Base Camp Trek is an appealing journey in the Makalu Region. The journey takes us to the Base Camp of this beautiful mountain. It is a vital trekking region because it touches both Everest and Maklalu Region. It is undoubtedly one of the most strenuous treks which require extensive preparation and physical fitness on the part of trekkers. Glacier walking, use of ice axes, and other gears will be necessary to complete Makalu Base Camp Trek.
Makalu Base camp trek is also a remote trekking destination. The region is yet to be discovered. The trek is rarely visited region since it has challenging trails and remote locations. The lush Arun and Barun Valleys attract thousands of visitors each year.
Highlights of Makalu Base Camp Trek
- World’s fifth highest mountain
- Makalu Barun National Park
- Tranquil Trails
- Arduous hike
- Pristine Natural hub
- Unspoiled culture, art and traditions
Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek
Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trekking is one of the unexplored and virgin trekking routes in the far Eastern corner of Nepal. This trek offers ideal trails on a remote mountain. This is the most beautiful mountain massif in the world. This trek is best for the trekkers who enjoy solitude. This trek gives trekkers unforgettable memories of their lifetime. This Trek offers splendid panorama of the Himalayan Range.
Kanchenjunga Conservation Area is one of the least densely populated regions in Nepal. Therefore, the region protects the virgin glory of the nature. Cascading waterfalls, lush vegetation, and thousands of species of plants awaits you along the trails.
Highlights of Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek
- Step onto the foot of the world’s third Highest Mountain
- Magnificent panorama of a high mountain chain
- Kanchenjunga Conservation Area and Awesome Ecosystem
- Beautiful Himalayan vistas
- Diverse flora and fauna
- Traditional villages: Ghunsa, Khambachen, Pangpema
- Amalgamation of ethnic communities: Sherpa, Rai, Limbu, Gurung, Bhote
Difficulties during Base Camp Treks in Nepal
All Base Camp Treks in Nepal are the complete package of adventure. Nevertheless, they are duo challenging and exhilarant. Since Everest, Annapurna, Makalu, Manaslu, and Kanchenjunga being the prominent peaks of the world they do involve potential difficulties. Ascending the Base of the above mentioned mountains is not an easy piece of cake, but a hard nut to crack. To talk about the major obstacles of climbing the Base Camp of these eminent peaks, Altitude takes the first position. All of the Base Camp Treks of Nepal are located in the high altitude region. The level of oxygen at such height is pretty low. Therefore, one may easily troubled by the Acute Mountain Sickness/Altitude Sickness.
Another major obstacle of the Base Camp Treks in Nepal is the narrow, slippery and icy slopes. Some of the Base Camp Treks like Manaslu and Kanchenjunga even have remote and off the beaten trails.
Similarly, glaciers, crevasses, rock walls etc that emerges along the trail also make the journey technically difficult and challenging. The steep rugged trail itself sounds difficult.
The weather at such high altitude often remains unpredictable. Therefore, the weather condition of the Base Camps of these mountains makes the trekking and hiking very difficult.
Tips for Base Camp Treks in Nepal
Nepal is a land of Himalayas and trekking and Hiking are the most common things to do in the mountains and hills. Nepal offers wide range of opportunities for trekkers. You can choose among easy, moderate, and technically difficult treks. Though the treks in Nepal are technical and challenging, they can be pursued if you are little more careful and prepared well.
Here are some tips for your successful Base camp Treks in Nepal:
- Do not travel alone as far as possible. Hire a professional trekking guide.
- Pack sufficient; acquire all the necessary gears and equipments.
- Acclimatize and Acclimatize
- Do not consume alcohol, nor do you smoke
- Drink plenty of fresh water
- Eat hygienic
- Have proper documentation
- Bring more than enough cash
- Use Diamox Tablet, Garlic etc to avoid Altitude Sickness.
- Keep your own pace.
- Acknowledge local culture and traditions.
The Base Camp Treks in Nepal is a rare opportunity to witness the unique cross-section of human culture and nature. It is also a golden platform to experience the remote location, spectacular mountains, and vast wilderness. The web of trails along the great Himalayan trail offers treks for everyone. If you really love adventure, we definitely recommend the five Base Camp Treks in Nepal.