How Tall is Mount Everest
Mount Everest is the highest mountain on the crest of the Himalayas. It is a mountain peak that stands between Nepal and China. The international border between these two countries runs across the summit of this peak. Mount Everest is about 8,848 m high. The height of Mount Everest is always a matter of dispute. Many International Surveys have been carried out over the years. Each of these Surveys has presented different heights. However, most of the countries of the world agree for 8,848 m to be the official height of Mount Everest.
Table of Contents
- 1 Formation of Everest
- 2 About the Himalayas
- 3 History of Mount Everest
- 4 How Long Does it Take to Climb Mount Everest?
- 5 How Tall is Mount Everest?
- 6 How Tall is Mount Everest in Miles?
- 7 How Tall is Mount Everest in Feet?
- 8 How Tall is Mount Everest in Kilometres?
- 9 Best Time for Mount Everest Climbing
Formation of Everest
Almost 250 million years ago there was a big continent called “Pangaea”. Around some 70 million years ago, due to some natural force (tectonic force), it was divided into several continents. Before that Africa, India, Australia, North America, South America were on the same supercontinent (Pangaea). And around some sixty million years ago, the Indo-Australian Plate started to move rapidly towards the Eurasian Plate. The movement was so rapid. Geologists have estimated that the continental plate moved 15 cm per year. Finally, the Indo-Australian plate collided with the Russian plate which resulted in the formation of the Great Himalayas. Before that, there used to be a large sea called “Tethys”. The Himalayas rose from the floor of the ancient Tethys Sea. Due to the collisions of the continental plates, the sea bed was uplifted to form the Himalayas. The Indian plate is still moving northward, so the Himalayas are still rising. Geologists insist that Mount Everest is rising 5 mm per year.
Geologists also believe that there was Geosyncline Sea between Angara Land (Mid Siberia) and Gondwanaland (Southern India) about 70 million years ago. It was called the Tethys Sea. Because of the formation of the rocks from the deposition of eroded materials like stone, sand, soil, weeds etc by the rivers of north and south, there formed various sedimentary rocks. During the middle of this period, the tectonic force came towards the south from the north. When this force was blocked by Deccan, Indian steady landmass, the rocks formed at the bottom of the sea rose and greater Himalayas were formed. In this way, Mount Everest and many other greater peaks were formed.
About the Himalayas
Nepal is a Himalayan country. The word Himalaya is taken from Sanskrit which means Adobe of the Snow. The word ‘Hima’ means snow and ‘Alaya’ means a receptacle, dwelling, or house. The Himalayas is the greatest/ tallest mountain range in the world. It is renowned all over the world because it has most of the world’s highest mountains. Most of these mountains are above 8000 m high. Some of the notable mountains of the Himalayas are Mount Everest, Kanchenjunga, Makalu, Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, etc. The Himalayas is a huge mountain range that separates Tibetan Plateau from the Indian sub-continental plains. It is the natural border between Nepal and China. The International border runs across the summit ridge. The Himalayas stretches from China in the east to Pakistan in the west, across Bhutan, Tibet, Nepal, and north-east India. The Himalayas runs about 2400 km in an arc.
History of Mount Everest
Mount Everest is a prominent peak of the great Himalayas. It is the highest peak in the world. The History of Mount Everest has been started only in 1852. Unless then, it wasn’t identified as the tallest mountain of the world. The credit for this goes to Sir George Everest of Governmental Survey of India. He was the British Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843 and he carried out the first extensive exploration of this massive peak. Therefore, the peak was named Mount Everest by Royal Geographical Society in 1865 for his honor. Before that, the peak was popularly known as Peak XV.
Different Names of Mount Everest
Mount Everest is known by different names in different places. It is called Sagarmatha in Sanskrit and Nepali. Sagarmatha stands for “Peak of heaven”. It is called Chomolungma in the Tibetan language which means “Goddess Mother of the World” or “Goddess of the Valley”. It is called “Zhumulangma” in Chinese. Whatever is its name, it is the tallest point on the earth. It is a natural wonder that leaves anyone in awe. This mountain peak has also been described as the Third Pole by Michael Karge.
How Long Does it Take to Climb Mount Everest?
Climbing Mount Everest is the biggest adventure in the world. It is also the deadliest experience. Many people wonder how long it takes to scale the summit of this massive peak. Normally it takes around two months for the successful ascent of Everest. That means the entire journey lasts for about 60 to 65 days. It takes 9 to 12 days to reach the Everest Base Camp (5,300 m). And the entire climbing including the Base Camp takes around 6 to 8 weeks. For that, a daily walk of 5 to 6 hours is a must. March and May are the perfect time for the Expedition.
Everest is a dream destination for mountaineers. Though it is challenging, it is a popular choice. This has been the most popular choice of the climbers since it was first successfully ascended by Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Sir Edmund Hillary on May 29, 1953.
Climbing Everest is not a children’s play. It is full of obstacles and deaths are unpredictable. Crevasses, rock walls, glaciers, icefalls, icy slopes, high altitudes, dramatically changing weather, etc. make the climb more difficult.
This unique mountain has two famous routes: the south-east ridge from Nepal and the Northern side route that begins from the Autonomous Province of China: Tibet. The South-East Ridge route is technically easier and more frequently used. It is also regarded as the standard route for climbing Mount Everest.
Many people are curious to know why it takes so long to climb Mount Everest. The answer is quite simple. The journey includes a lot of consecutive acclimatization. If your body doesn’t acclimatize well, you would never be able to make an ascent of this gigantic peak.
Climbing the Everest
Since Everest is the tallest mountain of the world, climbing Everest is technical and full of challenges. The Death Zone above Camp IV has taken the lives of many expert and technical climbers too. So we should not underestimate the altitude and technical section of this massive giant. Despite being the tallest and lofty peak, climbing Mount Everest is not that much difficult if you choose the right route. The route that is at the south-east ridge is always considered as the standard route. We don’t say that there are no challenges in this route. The howling wind and the extreme altitude are really difficult to bear.
The actual climbing starts from the Base Camp (5300 m). After having sufficient peak climbing practices and being completely acclimatized, one can begin to ascend through the Khumbu Ice Fall towards Camp I (6,100 m); the Valley of Silence. It won’t be that much difficult for the climbers because the guides will have already established a route with ropes and ladders. However, they must be careful about endless snow, deep crevasses, and avalanches. At Camp I, climbers will also have some side hikes and climbing training. Nevertheless, they will have enough acclimatization after each camp.
Many climbers spend 4 to 5 days at the Base Camp to acclimatize properly. Here, the climbers practice climbing and undertake consecutive day hikes. Then they will climb halfway above the Khumbu Glacier from the Base Camp and finally they move towards the Camp I. Many expert climbers spend 2 nights at Camp I. They come down to the Base Camp and again go to the Camp I. The climbers undertake the climbing during midnight and they spend morning and day for climbing practice and rest.
Then, the climbers will gradually move towards Camp II (6,400 m). Camp II is also the Base camp of Mount Lhotse. The expert crew will work hard to put up additional camps. They will provide a healthy meal for the climber and explore the easier route for them. They will climb up to Camp III (6,800 m) through the Lhotse face. The actual journey of the Everest begins at Camp III. The climb will be either easy or hard, depending on the weather. From here the trek will be comparatively challenging because they have to encounter so many obstacles. From Camp III, the climbers have to move towards the South Col. Many climbers also take a long break here. It is a must to have supplement oxygen to stay comfortable at such height.
Climbers will have to use oxygen cylinders towards Camp IV (8,000 m). From Camp IV, the wall towards the summit is very steep and dark. This section of the Everest is also called the “Death Zone”. By the time they will be very close to the summit. Taking the weather into consideration they will ascend just about 900 m to reach the summit of the tallest mountain of the world from Camp IV. After stepping on the roof of the world, they will have an enchanting view of Kanchenjunga and many other peaks of the similar ascent of the Khumbu Region. They will cherish this lifetime unconquerable experience at the summit for sometimes. Then they will start descending back to the Base Camp through the same route.
Where is Mount Everest Located?
Mount Everest which is the tallest mountain of the world is the mountain on the crest of the Great Himalaya of southern Asia. It is located between Nepal and Tibet; an autonomous province of china. Mount Everest is the geographical or natural border between Nepal and China. The international border runs across the summit of Mount Everest. The exact location of Mount Everest is marked as 27° 59’N latitude and 86° 56’E longitude. It is one of the amazing peaks located in the Mahalangur Himal, a subsection of the Great Himalayas.
If you want the administrative location of Mount Everest, it is located in Solukhumbu District of Province No. 1 in Nepal and Tingri Country, Xigaze, Tibet, an autonomous Region of China.
How Tall is Mount Everest?
How tall is Mount Everest? It is not a simple question to answer. Although Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world, people don’t know its authentic height. Many international surveys have presented different heights. However, the geologists are arguing what to include in their calculations. The dispute is that should the summit’s snowcap be included or they should only count the peak’s rock base. Geologists also believe that Mount Everest has shrunk by a few centimeters after the 2015 earthquake. The teams of Surveyors from different countries including China, Denmark, Italy, India, United States have come up with different results. However, many countries accept that it is 8,848 m (29,029 ft.) tall above the sea level.
The first officially registered height of Mount Everest was 8,840 m. This remained until 1995 when an Indian Expedition team concluded the height of Everest to be 8,848 m. Many surveys have been carried out over the years reporting various heights. Indian Survey between 1952 and 1954 has concluded the height of Everest to be 8,848 m. Another survey by Italy in 1987 recommended its height to be 8,872 m and in 1992 the Italian Survey came with another surprising result that was 8,846 m. In 1999, a survey led by America claimed its height to be 8,850 m. And the latest Survey by China in 2005 has claimed its height to be 8,844 m. Though there is endless debate regarding its height, most people agree with 8,848 m. It is believed that Everest is growing every year by 4 mm due to shifting tectonic plates.
How Tall is Mount Everest in Miles?
Mount Everest is the greatest creation of Mother Nature. It is the most important treasure of our country. Several surveys have been carried out to scale the actual height of this massive peak which reports different height each time. Therefore, the official height of Everest is always a matter of dispute. However, many people agree with 8,848 m as the height of Everest. This is a commonly accepted height of Everest. The peak is 5.498 miles high from the sea level.
How Tall is Mount Everest in Feet?
Mount Everest is 29,029 feet tall. As we have discussed above, many international surveys have reported various height of Everest since its inception. If the official height of Mount Everest is 8,848 m it is 29,029 feet tall. Most surveys agree 29,029 feet as the height of Mount Everest. The survey of the National Geographic claimed its height to be 29,035 feet in 1999. Similarly, the survey carried out by the Italian Team insists on 29,022 feet as the official height of it in 1992. The Chinese Surveyor’s team even added 29,017 feet as its official height.
How Tall is Mount Everest in Kilometres?
Mount Everest is 8.848 Km tall. The Indian Survey between 1952 and 1954 has claimed its height to be 8.848 Km. Many international surveys are carried out to measure the height of this mystic mountain. They have used whatever the technology the time provided. People are yet waiting for the authentic height of Everest.
Mount Everest Difficulty Level
Mount Everest is the tallest mountain peak in the world. It is the dream of anyone to scale this peak. However, one in thousands only can accomplish this adventure. Climbing Mount Everest is not impossible. You need to have enough preparation and mountaineering training as well as sturdy physical and mental conditions. Mount Everest Expedition is a technically demanding and numerous danger involved peak climbing. The weather changes all of a sudden. Huge Crevasses, glaciers, and icefalls may challenge you the more you approach the summit. Ascending to the top of the world is an arduous and potentially deadly undertaking due to the extreme altitude, avalanches, ice-falls, and other hazards. The ascent above Camp -4 is challenging that it is referred to as the death zone.
Altitude Sickness is the most common challenge in such heights. Everest’s summit has nearly one-third the air pressure that exists at sea level, which significantly reduces a climber’s ability to breathe in enough oxygen. Mount Everest Expedition is difficult also because it is lengthy. The death ratio is also comparatively higher than its subordinating mountain peaks. However, with adequate preparation and suitable gears, this mountain peak is conquerable.
Best Time for Mount Everest Climbing
Trekking and climbing Mount Everest is not possible all year-round. It is only available in a short period of April to Mid May and September to October. The harsh climate in winter and deadly monsoon in summer make it extremely difficult and dangerous to climb Mount Everest. Therefore, Spring and Autumn are the best seasons to climb Mount Everest. During spring and autumn seasons, the average temperatures vary between 15 º C to 25 º C. The snowstorm is also calm in these months. Moreover, these two seasons are characterized by plenty of sunshine, clear weather, and a blue sky. These two seasons are the ideal seasons for breathtaking views in the Everest region. Even at the Mount Everest Base Camp, the temperature at night is below 0 º C all year-round. The temperature at the Everest varies significantly even within a single day. Though the temperature rises to 10 º C during the day time, it drops far below 0 º C during the night. Thus, spring and autumn are the best seasons for climbing Mount Everest. For other information regarding the weather condition at Everest, please our website.
Tips for Mount Everest Climbing
- Be prepared well.
- Pack sufficient, don’t include unessential, and don’t miss the basics.
- Be ready to cope up with the unfamiliar weather pattern and respect the weather
- Choose the easier route: simply the one from South Col.
- Be aware of the altitude sickness
- Quickly pass the Khumbu Ice-fall and other treacherous areas
- Keep sufficient spare oxygen cylinders
- Use ropes
- Drink Plenty
- Be familiar with your gears and alpine, medicines
Unknown Facts about Mount Everest
Mount Everest is a miracle for many people around the world. The exploration of Mount Everest was never complete because of its treacherous geological structure and harsh climatic conditions. This mountain is still a mystery for many people around the world. Here, I have listed some of the common and unknown facts about Mount Everest.
- Initially, Mount Everest was called Peak XV.
- Michael Karga named Mount Everest as the Third Pole of the earth.
- Baburam Acharya (Pioneer Nepali Historian) has named this mountain as
- Everest Day is celebrated on May 29 to commemorate the first successful climb of this mountain.
- Over 4000 people have attempted to climb Everest and over 2000 people have reached the top.
- It is believed to be created 60 million years ago.
- 1 in 10 successful summits ends in death.
- Mount Everest grows 4 mm higher every year due to geological uplift.
- George Everest, Surveyor General of India, discovered Everest in 1841.
- Mount Everest is also home to very minute black jumping spiders. These spiders hide in crevices and feed on frozen insects
- The main reason for death in Everest is the Avalanches.
- “Sagarmatha”, the Nepali name of Mount Everest also means Forehead of the Sky.
- The summit of Everest experiences a freezing, powerful wind which is referred to as the jet stream.
- The Jet Stream speed of the summit of Mount Everest is recorded up to 175 mph.
- January is the coldest month on Mount Everest with the average summit temperature -36 º C.
- The first summit attempt was made in 1921 by a British Expedition Team from the northern side.
- Kami Rita Sherpa of Nepal holds the highest number of successful Everest Expeditions. He has successfully scaled the mountain for 24th times in May 2019.
- There are at least 18 climbing routes including a couple of them remained insurmountable throughout history.
- Junko Tabei of Japan was the first woman to climb Mount Everest.
- Jordan Romero from California is the youngest person to climb Mount Everest. He was just 13 years and 11 months old when he scaled Mount Everest successfully in 2010.
- Yuichiron Miura from Japan is the oldest person to climb Mount Everest. He has made this record in 2013 at the age of 80.
- It takes an average of 40 to 45 days to climb Mount Everest from its base camp.
- The last 848 m stretch of the mountain is known as Death Zone.
Mount Everest is undoubtedly the best mountain peak. The tallest mountain of the world offers the most beautiful landscapes on the earth. For good reasons, you will be at the top of the world and witness the heaven on the earth. The most significant part of any tour in the Everest Region is the people and culture. On that note, Mount Everest is the most persuaded dream of the people. But it is a very challenging one. You need to be physically and mentally fit. You need to escort the preparations with full sincerity. You need to engage yourself in back to back day hiking at high altitude.