Major Attractions of Nepal
A tiny landlocked country, Nepal lies in the kind lap of the Himalayas. The panoramic Himalayan peaks, the diversity in landscapes coupled with incredible flora and fauna, uniquely famed traditions and culture etc. make the country- a vast dreamland for naturalists and explorers.
Geographically, Nepal comprises three physical traits-Himalayas, the Hilly and Terai regions. Himalayan realm is the homeland of the panoramic snowy peaks-eight peaks having an altitude of more than eight thousand including Mount Everest; the tallest mountain of the world. Many rivers specially Koshi, Gandaki, and Karnali originate from them and rush down providing endless opportunities for rafting, canoeing, boating, and other water adventure sports. Similarly, the hilly region does portray diverse landscapes, hilarious flora and fauna, tranquil lakes, roaring waterfalls, and fabled valleys. Further, the excellent wild lives in the plain ground of Terai candidly display the geographical spectrum of Nepal.
Nepal is a country with unity in diversity. The multi-cultural and multi-lingual country does have a vast world of its own. The diverse language, ethnic groups with their unique customs and traditions, harmony, fraternity, religious tolerance etc. have increased the charm of Nepal. Truly, Nepal is the galaxy of fascination and experience and best of all a living ethnographic museum for sociologists and anthropologists.
Below is a brief introduction of some of the major highlights of Nepal.
Table of Contents
- 1 Mount Everest Climbing
- 2 Mera Peak Climbing
- 3 Everest Base Camp Trek
- 4 Annapurna Base Camp Trek
- 5 Langtang Valley Trek
- 6 Durbar Squares of Kathmandu Valley
- 7 Pokhara- The City of Lakes
- 8 Chitwan National Park
- 9 Lumbini
Mount Everest Climbing
Mount Everest (8,848.86 m) is the tallest mountain in the world. It is located in the Himalayan Mountain Range in the northern part of Eastern Nepal in the Solukhumbu district of Province No. 1. Mount Everest is also known as Roof of the World or the Third Pole. This mountain was first successfully summited by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa on May 29, 1953 AD. Till then, it has been scaled by thousands of climbers. And it is a dream of many of us to witness it from nearby and spellbind our imaginations.
Mount Everest Expedition is the ultimate mountaineering adventure. To be at the top of the world is an unconquerable and best experience. This is after all the most rewarding experience of anybody who conquers Everest. Mount Everest Expedition is a technically demanding and numerous danger involved peak climbing. The weather changes all of a sudden. Huge Crevasses, glaciers and icefalls may challenge you the more you approach the summit. Therefore, this mountain expedition is suitable for anyone who has a good physical condition and sheer determination.
Once you step on the summit, you will have an amazing view of the whole Everest region. You will have a fascinating view of Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Ama-Dablam and hundreds of other peaks. Mount Everest Climbing Expedition is an exhilarating and wonderful experience because it includes the complete package of trekking, hiking, exploring, natural and cultural sightseeing, and many more. Some major highlights of this peak climbing expedition are Sagarmatha National Park, Tengboche Monastery, Namche Bazaar, Everest Base Camp, Khumbu Glacier and Ice-Fall, Kalapatthar etc.
Highlights of Mount Everest Climbing
- Mount Everest Expedition is all about summiting the highest mountain of the world: Mount Everest (8,848m)
- This expedition also includes a trek to Tengboche Monastery: the oldest and highest monastery in Nepal
- Everest Climbing Expedition also includes the alluring Khumbu Glacier, Khumbu Ice-Fall
- This expedition is the best platform to explore the Everest Base Camp and Kalapatthar: the best viewpoint of the region.
- This mountain expedition also includes the highest National Park in the world: Sagarmatha National Park, which is famous for its pristine vegetation and wildlife
- Mount Everest Expedition provides you time to explore Sherpa Culture, Lifestyle and Civilization.
Mera Peak Climbing
Mera Peak Climbing takes us to the summit of Mera Peak (6,461m/21,190 ft) which is the highest trekking peak in Nepal. We ascend Mera Peak preferably during the spring and autumn seasons as it’s the best time to climb the mountain for its astonishing views of the Himalayan Vista. Five 8,000 m peaks are visible from the summit including Everest, Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Makalu and Kanchenjunga.
Highlights of Mera Peak Climbing
- Mera Peak is the highest trekking peak in Nepal.
- Mera Peak is the perfect destination for people who are not expert climbers but still want to experience adventure. It is for beginners. No technical knowledge is required.
- Mera Peak Expedition is the center of attraction only because five of the world’s tallest mountain peaks are located in its periphery. Mt. Everest, Mt.Cho Oyu, Mt. Makalu, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Kanchenjunga and other remarkable mountains of the Everest Region are worth watching from its summit.
- Mera Peak Trekking brings you close to Sherpa cultural villages, ancient Buddhist Monasteries, Glaciers, rugged terrain, beautiful and uninhabited Hinku Valley and its unique flora and fauna etc.
Everest Base Camp Trek
Trekking to the Mount Everest Base Camp is nothing less than surfing to heaven. Everything looks real and fresh. This classic trek includes four out of ten of the world’s highest peaks. Nowhere else on the earth is there such a dense constellation of mountains of such height. You will be breathing and eating mountains throughout. At the backdrop of such grandeur, you will find incredible Himalayan vegetation and wildlife that include Tahrs and Monal. And to the top of all adorable Sherpa Hospitality, comes second to no one. Everest Base Camp Treks felicitates you with everything; you should leave nothing, even the internet.
Everest Base Camp Trek is the most thrilling, exciting and challenging trekking itself. Located in the Khumbu Region of Eastern Nepal, it is beautiful heaven. Besides the astonishing views of pearls like mountain chains, you can have real experience of the Sherpa and their typical lifestyle. Moreover, strolling over Namche Bazaar and Sagarmatha National Park gives sufficient Knowledge about Mountain culture, vegetation and wild lives.
Highlights Of Everest Base Camp Trek
- Everest Base Camp Trek brings you close to the foot of the tallest mountain in the world, Mt. Everest (8,848m).
- Everest Base Camp Trek offers you a spectacular view of the towering mountains of the Everest Region.
- Everest Base Camp climbing also includes the visit to Sagarmatha National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The most significant aspect of this trek is you can see Khumbu Icefall and Khumbu Glacier.
- Everest Base Camp Trek also provides you with an opportunity to visit the oldest and largest monastery of the region, Tengboche.
- This trekking package also includes climbing of Kala Patthar (5,545m) which is one of the best viewpoints on the earth.
- Everest Base Camp Trek gives you a platform to explore Sherpa Communities, Himalayan Culture and Civilization as well as Sherpa Museum at Namche Bazaar.
Annapurna Base Camp Trek
Annapurna Base Camp Trek is one of the most appealing trekking in Nepal. This Trek brings you to the foot of the world’s tenth highest mountain: Annapurna I (8,091m). This is also the 94th prominent mountain peak in the world. This mountain is one of the most beautiful mountains of the Annapurna Massif. Annapurna Circuit Trek is located in Province No. 4 of North Western Nepal. This Trek is among the best treks for the complete taste of diverse culture, terrain, wildlife and vegetation.
The landform varies from subtropical valleys to the high altitude alpine valleys in this trek. The trail passes through many beautiful valleys which offer the most pleasant views of Himalaya’s vistas, forests, rivers and waterfalls. Annapurna Base Camp Trek is the most popular choice of the trekkers around the world because it is just a pleasant hike to an altitude of 4,243m above sea level yet provides the most inspiring mountain views of Annapurna Massif, Machhapuchhre (6,993 m), Hiunchuli (6,441 m), Manaslu (8,156 m) etc.
Annapurna Base Camp Trek with Nepal Guide Treks and Expedition is designed for those trekkers who want to complete the trek in a very short period. This short Annapurna Base Camp Trek can be further customized to your requirements with a special group discount and a 100% guarantee on departure dates. The major attractions of this trek include Pokhara, the village of Ghandruk and the Base Camp of Annapurna itself. Annapurna Base Camp Trek is considered a moderate hike. Therefore, any person who is physically fit and having sound health can plan this trek. Any time between March-May and September to December is the right time to plan this trek as every aspect like a trail, weather, temperature and visibility are ideal during this time of the year.
Annapurna Base Camp Trek also passes through many beautiful villages. Chhomrong and Ghandruk villages are the popular Gurung villages. The people, culture and hospitality of these villages will vitalize your spirit and trekking interest in Nepal. Moreover, you will have ample opportunity to study the lives of the Magar and Thakali people as well.
Poon Hill (3,210m) is the best vantage point of sunrise and sunsets over the Himalayan ranges. You can enjoy brilliant views of sugar-coated mountains during the trek. Rejoice in the panorama of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges. Trust me! The Himalayas are enchanting!
Highlights of Annapurna Base Camp
- Trek to the Annapurna Base Camp (4,243m). Annapurna is the 10th highest mountain peak in the world.
- Mind-blowing Vistas of Annapurna, Fishtail, Dhaulagiri, and the other Himalayas.
- Most appealing Sunrise or Sunset view from Poonhill (3,210m).
- Diverse ethnicity along the trail.
- The Gurung village, Ghandruk.
- Jhinu Danda, the house of natural hot spring.
- The streams, rivers, and waterfalls along the trekking trail.
- The Machhapuchhre Base Camp (4,040m)
Langtang Valley Trek
Although the Langtang Valley can be reached by a day’s drive from the Kathmandu Valley, this area is still unknown to the majority of trekkers.
While many people recognize the names Everest Base Camp Trek, Annapurna Circuit and Annapurna Base Camp Trek, few recognize the name Langtang Valley Trek.
Dominated by the Langtang Himalayas this valley trek is relatively short but one that runs through rhododendron and bamboo forests, alongside thundering waterfalls and stunning snow-capped mountains.
The trail takes you to an altitude of 4,000 meters, and if you want to go higher, you’d not want to miss seeing the sunrise from the Tserko Ri at 5,000m.
This diverse trek introduces you to the Buddhist culture of the Tamangs and the Sherpas, and the ancient monastery of Kyanjin Gompa, situated near Tserko upholds this tradition. The spectacular views on this trek include Dorje Lakpa (6,990m), Langtang Ri (6,370m) and Langtang Lirung (7,245m).
The trek passes through Langtang National Park- a pristine countryside with majestic flora and fauna, yak pastures and local cheese factories! Himalayan pheasants, Himalayan deer, Himalayan bears, monkeys, and the elusive red panda, are native to this region.
Langtang Village was utterly destroyed during the April 2015 earthquake. The resilient locals have, however, been busy rebuilding and some teahouses and lodges have been rebuilt and are open. The best way for people to help is to continue to visit this area.
For those who want to trek this off-beat track and see something completely different from many of the more touristy areas in the country, this is a perfect trek.
Similarly, for those who are discovering Nepal for the first time, this is the perfect introduction.
Highlights of Langtang Valley Trek
- No need to book a plane! You can drive to this trek within 7 or 8 hours.
- Trek through the Langtang Valley, also known as the ‘valley of glaciers’.
- Climb Tserko Ri for its stunning scenic views.
- Be amazed by the panoramic view of snow-capped mountains such as Langtang Ri, Langtang Himal, Langsisa and Ganjala Peak.
- Experience Tibetan Buddhist culture and life first-hand.
- Walk through spectacular rhododendron forests.
- Collect blessings at old Buddhist shrines such as Langtang Gompa and Kanjanjin Gompa.
- Stay in interesting teahouses along the route.
- One of the lesser-known treks in Nepal.
Durbar Squares of Kathmandu Valley
Hanumandhoka Durbar Square
Hanumandhoka Durbar Square is located in the heart of Kathmandu city. It is the palace square from where the Malla Kings ruled over Nepal during the Medieval Period. After the conquest of the Kathmandu Valley by King Prithivi Narayan Shah during his unification campaign, he made Kathmandu city the capital of unified Nepal. It is believed that Pratap Malla erected the statue of Hanuman (monkey god) in this palace and it was named Hanumandhoka. Besides Hanumandhoka, Basantapur Palace, Taleju Temple, Museum, House of Kumari, Kasthamandap, a kettledrum etc. are the ancient heritages located here.
Patan Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square was also the palace of Malla Kings during Medieval Nepal. It is located in the Lalitpur district. Krishna Temple with 21 golden pinnacles is the masterpiece of Malla art and architecture. Besides this, there are Bhimsen Temple, Jagat Narayan Temple, Statue of Yog Narendra Malla, Mahabouddha, Kumbheshwor Mahadev, and Temple of Rato Machhindranath etc. The Great Earthquake of 2072 caused damage in many heritages f this region.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square is the most intact heritage which still represents the real experience of the medieval heyday. It is located in the Bhaktapur district. It is the most exotic landmark with a significant number of famous heritages. Famous heritages like 55 window palace, Nyathapole temple, a statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, Museum, art gallery, golden gate, various bells, Datatraya temple etc. are some of the mind-blowing artistic features of Bhaktapur Durbar Square.
Swyambhunath is the most instantly recognizable landmark of Nepal. It is one of the accurate identities of Nepal. It is also one of the UNESCO listed world heritage sites from Nepal. It is located on the top of a hill in Kathmandu. It is also the epitome of religious tolerance in Nepal because it is equally popular among Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims. There is a Hindu temple of Goddess Saraswati. Similarly, there are many stupas and idols. Recently, the biggest statue of Buddha has been constructed near Swayambhunath stupa.
Most importantly, one will have the mind hovering natural scenery and alluring scene of Kathmandu valley. It is very near and one of the easy hiking as well.
Bouddhanath Stupa has situated 8 km to the east of downtown Kathmandu. Also known as Boudha, it is one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites and one of the most imposing landmarks in Kathmandu. Visible as soon as you land at the Tribhuvan International Airport, it is the largest stupa in the Kathmandu Valley.
The 36-meter-high stupa of Boudha is massive and dominates the skyline in the area. With countless monasteries around it, Boudha is the center of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal. It is the oldest stupa in the country. It is believed that the stupa was constructed around the 5th Century BC.
Built-in the shape of a mandala designed to replicate the Gyangtse of Tibet, the stupa was renovated by Licchhavi rulers in the 8th century. The location of the stupa is interesting as it once lay on the ancient trade route to Tibet and it was here that Tibetan merchants rested and offered prayers for many centuries. It is one of the major pilgrimage sites for Buddhists from around the world.
On each side are the all-seeing-eyes of the Buddha symbolizing awareness. The canopy has 13 stages. At ground level, there is a brick wall that has 147 niches and 108 images of the meditational Buddha inset behind copper prayer wheels. It is the grandest monument in the heart of the town.
The traditional town of Bouddhanath reflects the ancient art and culture of Nepal. Now, a bustling tourist hub, Bouddhanath is a must-visit landmark in the town because just one visit will refresh your spiritual awakening. The serene environment, especially in the evening is captivating.
Pashupatinath Temple is one of the seven UNESCO included Cultural Heritage Sites of the Kathmandu Valley. It is also a cremation site where the last rites of Hindus are performed. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, Pashupatinath is one of the four most important religious sites in Asia for devotees of Shiva. Built-in the 5th century and later renovated by Malla kings, the site itself is said to have existed from the beginning of the millennium when a Shiva lingam was discovered here.
The largest temple complex in Nepal stretches on both sides of the Bagmati River which is considered holy by Hindus. The main pagoda style temple has a golden roof, four sides covered in silver, and exquisite wood carvings. Temples dedicated to several other Hindu and Buddhist deities surround the temple of Pashupatinath. There are about 492 temples, Chaityas, sattals etc. The major highlights of the Pashupatinath temple include Deupatan, Jay Bageshori, Gaurighat, Kutumbahal, Gaushala, Pingan Nath, and Sleshmantak forest.
Pokhara- The City of Lakes
Nepal has many beautiful places. One of the most extraordinary and beautiful places in the world is Pokhara. Pokhara is truly a scenic and happening tourist spot in Nepal. It is the heart of tourism in Nepal. It is Nepal’s second-largest city and is a major spot for tourists who come to experience its many varied attractions. Pokhara is very popular among trekkers and others who visit here for participating in adventure sports such as paragliding, mountain biking, canoeing and skiing. For those inclined towards a more spiritual experience, there are several Temples and Buddhist Gompas that are sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists.
These sites such as the Tal Barahi Temple and World Peace Pagoda attract their share of pilgrims and visitors who come from all over the world. The presence of lakes such as the Phewa Lake and Begnas Lake along with the scenic mountain ranges always make for splendid views that would be welcomed as breath-taking and memorable sights by all. Additionally, Pokhara has all the amenities expected from a place that’s regularly visited by tourists offering options and things to do for people at all ends of the budget spectrum.
Highlights of Pokhara
- Lakes: Phewa, Begnas, Rupa etc.
- Caves: Mahendra cave, Chamere Gufa, Gupteshwor Mahadev Cave
- Temples: Tal Barahi, Bindyabasini, Shanti Stupa
- Davis’ Fall
- Seti Gorge
- Zip Flying
- Bungee Jumping
- Mountain flying
Chitwan National Park
Chitwan National Park is situated in south-central Nepal, covering 952 sq. km. in the subtropical lowlands of the inner Terai. It is a scantury for one horned rhinoceros. The area was declared as the country’s first national park in 1973, recognizing its unique ecosystems of international significance. UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site in 1984.
The Chitwan National Park consists of a diversity of ecosystems-including the Churia hills, Ox-bow lakes, and the flood plains of the Rapti, Reu and Narayani Rivers. The Churia hills rise slowly towards the east from 150 m. to more than 800 m. The western portion of the park is comprised of the lower but more rugged Someshwor hill. The park shares its eastern boundary with the Parsa Wildlife Reserve.
Chitwan National Park does exhibit an excellent jingle safari and exotic wild lives to all the naturalists and visitors. It supports a good population of duo common and endangered species of birds and animals. Giant elephants, tigers, leopards, one-horned rhino, sloth bears, bulls, wild dogs, chital, deer, langur, striped hyena, jungle cats are some of the attractions of this National park. Besides that, you can enjoy the typical Tharu culture and cuisine over there. Your visit to Tharu Museum, Elephant Breeding Farm, and boating at Rapti River will make your visit fruitful.
Lumbini is the Buddha’s birthplace, one of the world’s most important spiritual sites and attracts Buddhist pilgrims from around the world. Today you can visit over twenty-five Buddhist monasteries built by diverse countries from Vietnam to France, study Buddhism, meditate and visit the birthplace within the sacred Mayadevi Gardens.
Mayadevi Temple is the most sacred site in the Lumbini Garden where archaeologists have identified the exact spot where Lord Buddha was born. Inscriptions on the Ashoka Pillar nearby also refer to the spot as his birthplace. It is said that the newly born Prince Siddhartha (later became the Buddha) took his first seven steps and delivered his peace message to humanity here.
The birth took place in the beautiful Sal grove, which is now the focal point of the Lumbini Garden. Mayadevi, the Queen of Shakya King Suddhodhana of Kapilvastu, while passing through the Lumbini Garden, on the day of Baishakha Purnima (full moon day of May in 623 BC) took a bath in the Sacred Pond Pushkarini and soon after gave birth to Prince Siddhartha.
Lumbini is a land of fascination. It is a remarkably beautiful religious site with monasteries built by countries such as China, Japan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Germany, France and many more. People admire the spectacular and diverse architecture they showcase. The peaceful atmosphere and above all, visit the Mayadevi Temple which dates back 2,200 years will be the most enthralling experience ever in Nepal.