Mount Everest Base Camp Elevation
Mount Everest (8,848 m) is the tallest mountain of the world. It is located in the Mahalangur subsection of the Himalayas in Nepal. Mount Everest is the majestic, most beautiful and mystic piece of land. The mountain is also known as Chomolungma in the Tibetan language which means “Goddess mother of the world” or “Goddess of the Valley”. Sagarmatha, the Nepali name of Mount Everest is derived from the Sanskrit language which means “Peak of Heaven”. The peak was initially called Peak XV.
It is believed that the history of Mount Everest has started only in 1852. Unless then it was not identified as the tallest mountain of the world. The credit for the extensive exploration of Mount Everest goes to British Surveyor General Sir George Everest of Governmental Survey of India. The peak was named as Mount Everest on his tribute in 1865 by Royal Geographical Society. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa ascended the peak successfully for the first time on 29th May 1953.
Table of Contents
- 1 Everest Base Camp Elevation
- 2 EBC Trek Cost
- 3 How hard is to trek to EBC
- 4 Best Time to Visit Everest Base Camp
- 5 Highlights of Everest Base Camp
Everest Base Camp Elevation
Everest Base Camp (EBC) is the ground base of the tallest mountain of the world. On the other words, the Everest Base Camp is rudimentary campsites at the base of Mount Everest that is used by mountaineers and trekkers during their ascent and descent. There are two base camps on Mount Everest on the opposite sites. The Everest Base Camp on the southern side is in Nepal and the Base Camp of the Northern side is at Tibet.
The southern side base camp of the Mount Everest is at an altitude of 5,364 m (17,598 ft.) whereas the northern base camp is at an altitude of 5,150 m (16,900 ft.). Both Base Camps are used by the mountaineers and hikers for camping and acclimatization. Here are short descriptions about both of these Base Camps.
Everest Base Camp (South)
Everest Base Camp on the southern side is in Nepal. It is 5,364 m (17,598 ft) above the sea level. It is the most popular trekking route in Nepal. Every year approximately 40,000 trekkers head towards EBC from Lukla. The region is a little bit remote. Therefore, supplies are transported there by plane or beast of burden.
After landing on the Lukla Airport, trekkers head upward to the Sherpa capital, Namche Bazaar (3,440 m) or (11,290 ft) following the valley of the Dudh Koshi River. It takes about two days to reach the village, which is the central hub of the area. Typically at this point, climbers spend a day for acclimatization. They then trek for another two days to reach Dingboche at an altitude of 4,260 m (13,980 ft). Trekkers spend a day here for further acclimatization. Finally, the trek for another two days takes them to Everest Base Camp via Gorakshep, the flat field below Kala Patthar at 5,545 m (18,192 ft).
Everest Base Camp (North)
The northern Base Camp of Everest can be reached with special permission from the Chinese Government. However, it is closed for the tourists since February 2019. The base camp is at an altitude of 5,150 m (16,900 ft.) from the sea level.
The North Base Camp is accessed by vehicle through a 100 km road branching to the South from the Friendship Highway. From the Base Camp, all tourists must take the buses managed by the government to limit the traffic in the last stretch of gravel road to a marked hill at 5,200 m above sea level just before the climbers’ camp.
EBC Trek Cost
Trekking to the Mount Everest Base camp is a dream of every one of us. However, it is not a small dream to pursue. All you need is a handsome amount of money, adequate physical and mental fitness, and some days’ leisure.
However, the cost of Everest Base Camp Trek varies from one company to another depending upon the size of the group and services provided. The cost of the trek will be a little higher for less number of people in the group or for solo traveller or couple. If you travel in a larger group of 4 to 10 people, the price will be a little lower. The cost of the trek also depends upon the services and interest of trekkers on Everest Base Camp.
Cost of Everest Base Camp Trek includes permits, TIM’s card, Guide and Porter cost, Round-trip flight from Kathmandu to Lukla, Accommodation, Meals, and Drinks. The cost ranges from USD 1250 to USD3000 per foreigner for an average trek of 10 to 21 days around the Everest region. The cost generally excludes travel insurance, visa fees, trekking equipment, and other personal expenses and required kinds of stuff. It also includes local guides to accompany and to guide you with porters or local pack animals Yak to carry your heavier baggage.
Standard Cost Details for Everest Base Camp Trek:
- Guide: USD 30 per day
- Porter: USD 20 per day (they will carry 20 to 25 Kg of loads and walk with you)
- Mineral Water: USD 1 to 4 per bottle
- sTea and Coffee: USD 2 to 4
- Beer: USD 5 to 10 per bottle
- Breakfast: USD 3 to 6
- Dinner and Lunch: USD 5 to 9
- Accommodations: USD 5 to 40 plus per person as per the standard of the hotels or lodges.
- TIMS Card fees: USD 20 for independent trekkers and USD 10 per person if you travel with a travel company.
- Sagarmatha National Park Entry Permit: Rs. 3,000
- Flight cost: USD 370 per person (2 ways)
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How hard is to trek to EBC
Mount Everest is an incredible mountain peak in the world. Many people usually think that it might be a really difficult journey to reach the Base camp of this mighty peak. Don’t worry, the journey is not as difficult as you have ever imagined.
With no roads, the journey will last for about two weeks. The surrounding areas are very remote and the high altitude is somehow difficult to adjust with. Despite all these facts, Everest Base Camp is an achievable journey.
Everest Base Camp Trek is a moderate one in terms of difficulty. Being the tallest mountain of the world it involves some potential difficulties like high altitude, steep and snowy trails etc. It is a doable trek if you are physically fit and mentally prepared. The little hard section of the trek is the journey between Tengboche to the actual Everest Base Camp. From Tengboche, you have to bear a long uphill climb. Therefore, it is relatively difficult. The actual Everest Base Camp is difficult just because of altitude. The hike towards Kala Patthar is also a technical part of this adventure. If you have undertaken some short trekking and hiking earlier, there won’t be any problem for you. Read about the Everest Base Camp Trekking difficulties below:
The most difficult and underestimated aspect of Everest Base Camp Trek is “Altitude”. The high altitude profile of the trek makes it a difficult journey. The actual hike begins from Lukla (3,000 m) which is already high enough to include Acute Mountain Sickness. The Everest Base Camp is at an altitude of 5,356 m. At such height, it is obvious to get Altitude Sickness. Kalapatthar (5,554 m) is the highest point in the Everest Base Camp Trek. Similarly, any place at such a significant height always remains covered in snow. Therefore, you have to acclimatize well during your trek. It is advised to you to spend at least 2 days in acclimatization. Besides, one must consider the
The Everest Base Camp Trek starts at Lukla. The 65Km journey from Lukla to EBC is not a great distance for experienced trekkers. The length of the trek determines the distance you must undertake each day. Normally, a standard EBC trek is of 14 days and the trekkers will spend 2 days for acclimatization out of the 14. That means one has to cover 15 Km in an average each day. And crossing about 15 Km each day in a steep, rocky, and snowy trail is very difficult for the novice climbers.
Another most important factor that makes the Everest Base Camp Trek comparatively more difficult is its topography and location. The remote location on the top of the world is a rare experience as well. The trails are steep, narrow, and snowy. Moreover, its location is enough to trouble the trekkers with AMS. Similarly, the rocky trails, glaciers, crevasses, etc also disturb your pace.
Everest Base Camp has the most extreme weather conditions. One cannot predict the weather at EBC. The weather keeps changing even hour to hour. The extreme wind, dry and cold weather are very much daunting. The temperature also remains below freezing point almost throughout the year.
Top Ten Facts of Everest Base Camp
Everest Base Camp is the most popular trekking trails in Nepal. This is a trek that offers the most thrilling and exciting experiences to the foot of the highest mountain peak in the world. Everest is a sheer wonder and many people will be completely astonished by the beauty and grandness of this majestic mountain. The location is more beautiful than the heaven of your dream. Everest Base Camp has some astonishing characteristics as well. Let’s read some of them here:
- Unstable Weather
Everest Base Camp has the most unpredictable weather condition. The weather is different even hour to hour. EBC experiences one of the extreme climates both in terms of temperatures and winds. The temperature at the base camp rarely gets above freezing point throughout the year. Similarly, the fierce blow of the chilling cold wind across the Himalayas makes the temperatures even colder. The coldest months of the year are from December to February. During those months the temperatures drop well below freezing point even during the day. The temperature is somehow warmer in the rainy season, especially in July and August. The weather from April to May and September to October is considered ideal for the climbers and trekkers.
- High-Speed Internet Facility at the Everest Base Camp
This is the most interesting fact about the Everest Base Camp. Everest Base Camp has Wi-Fi facilities.
- It is inside a UNESCO listed World Heritage Site
Everest Base Camp is located inside the Sagarmatha National Park. Sagarmatha National Park is one out of 10 national heritages of Nepal listed in the World Heritage by UNESCO. This national park is also the national park at the highest altitude in the world. It has rich varieties of floras and faunas. One can see some of the endangered species of Himalayan plants and Animals including Himalayan Black Beer, red panda, snow Bear, Musk Deer, snow cock, blood pheasants etc.
- You cannot see Mount Everest from EBC
This is one of the weird facts about Mount Everest. You cannot see the Mount Everest from the Base Camp. If you see it from here, you will find the peak hidden behind the eastern ridge. But you can see the Khumbu Icefall from the Base Camp. Therefore, Everest Base Camp Trek encompasses a hike to Kalapatthar(5,554 m). Kalapatthar is undoubtedly the best viewpoint in the entire Everest Region.
- Only climbers get to stay there
Many of us don’t know that we can’t buy a night at Everest. If you walk in a spring climbing season and befriend with a climber or other supporting staff, you may have a chance to get. Otherwise, you can join the Everest Marathon. The only group except for the climbing expeditions who can camp at the Everest Base camp is the members of Everest Marathon.
- There is a Fake Everest Base Camp
Many trekkers also don’t know that there is a fake Base camp as well. At 5,364 m there is a rock that has a signal “Everest Base Camp”, while the actual Base Camp, where the Climbing Expeditions camp is still half a kilometre up the glacier. The only reason behind creating the fake Base camp is to ensure that the Climbers who camp here from April to June may not be disturbed by the trekkers.
- There are two Base Camps on Mount Everest
Mount Everest has two base camps on it. The Southern Base Camp is in Nepal and the Northern Base Camp is at Tibet in China. The southern Base Camp is the most visited trekking trail that is at an elevation of 5,364 m. The northern side Base Camp is at an altitude of 5,150 m and it is not at popular as the EBC at the south.
- Not less than a mini Town
Everest Base Camp is not less than a mini town. It has all the basic facilities a town has. It has a hospital, telecom tower, helipad, luxury hotels, waste management system and so on.
- Everest Base camp is continually moving
Everest Base Camp is located at the top of Khumbu Glacier. Therefore, it is obvious that it keeps on changing its features. You can see the amazing and phenomenal changes like ice pinnacles, sinkholes, melt-water pools, avalanches etc.
10. The first men to reach EBC
Many people also wonder wh0 the first person was to reach the Everest Base Camp. The first man to reach the EBC was Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa. They had stepped on the EBC in 1959when they made the first successful ascent of Mount Everest. They had reached EBC through Jiri.
Best Time to Visit Everest Base Camp
The climate of Nepal is unique and exceptional. It is the most pleasant form of climate. Even the climate of the high mountains is not extreme. Most importantly, Nepal experiences a subtropical climate and lies entirely in the temperate zone. It experiences hot wet summer and cold dry winters. Although spring and autumn are regarded as the best seasons to trek in Nepal it is possible throughout the year.
Further, Nepal experiences four distinct seasons and each of them has its typical features.
Autumn Season (September- November): This is the best time to trek in Nepal. The weather will be lovely during this season. Moderate temperatures, clear sky with outstanding views will attribute to make your trek a lifetime memory. Many trekkers also prefer to trek to Everest Base Camp during September and October. The weather of Everest Base Camp during these months is very nice. Trekkers will have pleasant experiences during this season.
Spring Season (March-May): This is another best time to visit Nepal. The temperature will still be moderate. It will be warm even at a high altitude. The trekking trails will be decorated with different varieties of wildflowers like Rhododendrons. This season also affords appealing mountain views. April and May are the best months to trek to the Everest Base Camp. The weather of Mount Everest is considered ideal during April and May.
Winter Season (December- February): Though winter is counted as off-season for trekking in Nepal, it is an ideal option for the trekkers who don’t like to travel in crowded trails. There will be heavy snowfall at the higher altitude and it gets colder during the night. Days are still warmer with plenty of sunshine and clear blue skies. Winter can be the best time to trek towards Everest Base Camp, Annapurna Dhaulagiri Trek, and Annapurna Sanctuary Trek etc.
Summer Season (June- August): Nepal experiences summer rainfall. Therefore, the trekking will be difficult during the summer. The trails will be wet, muddy, and slippery. There will be occasional flood and landslides in some places. However, rain shadow zone like Manang and Mustang may offer perfect travelling experience even in winter. We don’t suggest you to Trek to Everest Base Camp during this season.
Highlights of Everest Base Camp
Everest Base Camp is the most fascinating, most pristine and heavenly place on the foot of the Everest, the tallest mountain of the world. Mount Everest itself is a wonder in the world. To stand at the base of Mount Everest is nothing less than surfing heaven. The view of the Everest during sunrise and sunset from Kalapatthar is mind hovering.
Here are the highlights of the Everest Base Camp Trek:
- Mount Everest Base Camp (5,364 m): foot of the tallest mountain
- Kala Patthar (5,554 m): the best view-point on the Everest Region
- Tengboche Monastery: The largest, the oldest, and the highest monastery in the world
- Khumbu and Ngozumpa Glaciers: the highest/biggest and the longest glaciers in the world.
- Namche Bazzar: the oldest Sherpa Capital and Gateway to the Everest Region
- Sagarmatha National Park: World heritage site
- Sherpa culture and traditions:
Everest Base Camp Trek Permits
Everest Base Camp Trekking requires several permits. First one is Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Entrance Permit. This permit cost NPR 2000 and it can be obtained only when you reach Khumbu. In addition to this, you need Sagarmatha National Park Entry Permit. This permit cost NPR 3000 per person. It can either be obtained at Kathmandu from Tourism Board or directly in Monjo, at the Park Entrance. The most convenient way of obtaining it is from Monjo. In addition to this, you also should obtain Trekkers Information Management System (TIMS) card. Now it is mandatory to obtain the card for every kind of treks in Nepal. The card costs $10 for each member in a group and $20 for a solo traveller.
EBC Trek Gears
For the safe, secure, and successful trekking experience, trekkers need some gears and instruments. Besides that, they must acquire some technical trekking instruments depending upon the difficulty grade. Here we are going to discuss briefly the trekking gears and instruments for Everest Base camp Trek.
- Packing: Duffle Bag (It is useful if you hire a porter, It must be waterproof, durable, and lockable), Rucksack Bag with Waterproof Cover (It is useful if you travel independently), Daypack
- Clothing: Hiking Boots, Socks, Gloves, Hat, Scarf, Shell Pants, Light Weight Walking Pants, Fleece Jacket, Waterproof Jacket, Thermal Vest, T-shirts, Hiking Shorts etc.
- Sleeping: Sleeping Bag, Pillow Case, and other Sleeping Accessories
- Accessories: Trekking Poles, Water filters, Harness, Mosquito Repellent, Towel, and other luxury items.
- Other Essentials: Map, Compass, Sun-Glasses, Headlamp, First Aid Box, Repair Tool Kit, Extra food, Tent, etc.
Tips for Everest Base Camp Trekking
- Have contingency days incorporated in your trekking itinerary
- Hire local guides and porters, do not travel alone
- Learn safety rules while trekking
- Always carry local currency while travelling
- Acclimatize properly and be aware of the Altitude sickness
- Keep a steady pace
- Hire a local travel agency, a government registered one
- Stay hydrated
- Be physically and mentally ready
- Respect the local culture and traditions
Everest Base Camp Trek is the most iconic trek in Nepal and Perhaps one of the best treks in the world. The trek is grand in itself. The immense beauty of the surrounding and the mind-blowing vistas of some of the tallest mountains will never let you down. It is a dream destination of every traveller. It is also a must-go place once in a lifetime. If you are also in the quest of best adventure travel in the world, there are no alternatives to EBC Trek.