Mount Everest Bodies
Although Nepal is a small country, it is rich in natural beauty. Mount Everest, the highest peak of the world, moderate climate, geographical diversity, etc are the main attractions of Nepal. Cultural and ethnic diversity, art, and culture have contributed significantly to develop Nepal as a tourist destination.
The region from Mt. Kanchenjunga in the East to Mt. Saipal in the west is known as the Great Himalayan Trail. It includes the most prestigious peaks of the world; intermountain valleys and plateaus, national parks and conservation areas, high mountain glacial lakes, natural fountains, glaciers, and many more. However, the mountains are the top attractions among the other. There are 14 mountain peaks in the world having a height above 8000 m above sea level. Among them, 8 mountain peaks are in Nepal. The most important highlight is the Everest itself. It is one of the best wonders of the world.
Mount Everest which is the tallest mountain in the world is the mountain on the crest of the Great Himalayas of southern Asia. It is located between Nepal and Tibet, an autonomous province of China. Mount Everest is the geographical or natural border between Nepal and China. The international border runs across the summit of Mount Everest. The exact location of Mount Everest is marked as 27° 59’N latitude and 86° 56’E longitude. It is one of the amazing peaks located in the Mahalangur Range, a subsection of the Great Himalayas. The administrative location of Mount Everest is Solukhumbu District of Province No. 1 in Nepal and Tingri Country, Xigaze, Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
Mount Everest is also known as Roof of the World. This mountain was first successfully summited by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa on May 29, 1953. Until now, it has been scaled by thousands of climbers. And it is a dream of many of us who love adventure beyond our imaginations.
Table of Contents
- 1 How is Everest Formed?
- 2 Mount Everest Height
- 3 Why is it difficult to climb Mount Everest?
- 4 How long does it take to climb Mount Everest?
- 5 Everest Bodies
Story Behind the Name
Mount Everest is a prominent peak of the great Himalayas. It is the highest peak in the world. The History of Mount Everest has started only in 1852. Unless then, it wasn’t identified as the tallest mountain in the world. The credit for this goes to Sir George Everest of Governmental Survey of India. He was the British Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843 and he carried out the first extensive exploration of this massive peak. Therefore, the peak was named Mount Everest by the Royal Geographical Society in 1865 for his honor. Before that, the peak was popularly known as Peak XV.
Mount Everest is also known by different names in different places. It is called Sagarmatha in Sanskrit and Nepali. Sagarmatha morphologically stands for “Peak of heaven”. It is called Chomolungma in the Tibetan language which means “Goddess Mother of the World” or “Goddess of the Valley”. Whatever is its name, it is the tallest point on the earth. It is a natural wonder that leaves anyone in awe. This mountain peak has also been described as the Third Pole by Michael Karge.
How is Everest Formed?
Many geologists believe that almost 250 million years ago there was a big continent called “Pangaea”. Around some 70 million years ago, due to some natural force (tectonic force), it was divided into several continents. Before that Africa, India, Australia, North America, South America were on the same supercontinent (Pangaea). And around some sixty million years ago, the Indo-Australian Plate started to move rapidly towards the Eurasian Plate. The movement was so rapid. Geologists have estimated that the continental plate moved 15 cm per year. Finally, the Indo-Australian plate collided with the Russian plate which resulted in the formation of the Great Himalayas. Before that, there used to be a large sea called “Tethys”. The Himalayas rose from the floor of the ancient Tethys Sea. Due to the collisions of the continental plates, the sea bed was uplifted to form the Himalayas. At the same time, Mount Everest and many other important peaks were formed. The Indian plate is still moving northward, so the Himalayas are still rising. Geologists insist that Mount Everest is rising 4 mm per year.
Geologists also believe that there was a geosynclinal sea between Angara Land (Mid Siberia) and Gondwanaland (Southern India) about 70 million years ago. It was called the Tethys Sea. Because of the formation of the rocks from the deposition of eroded materials like stone, sand, soil, weeds, etc by the rivers of north and south, there formed various sedimentary rocks. During the middle of this period, the tectonic force came towards the south from the north. When this force was blocked by Deccan, Indian steady landmass, the rocks formed at the bottom of the sea rose and greater Himalayas were formed. In this way, Mount Everest and many other greater peaks were formed.
Mount Everest Height
Many people still wonder how tall is Mount Everest. And of course, the answer is not that easy and universal. Different surveys have presented different heights of Mount Everest over the years. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world. Many people believe that it is 8,848m (29,029 ft.) tall above the sea level. But there is a debate regarding the exact height of this mountain.
The first officially registered height of Mount Everest was 8,840m. This remained until 1995 when an Indian Expedition team concluded the height of Everest to be 8,848m. Many surveys have been carried out over the years reporting various heights. Indian Survey between 1952 and 1954 has concluded the height of Everest to be 8,848m. Another survey by Italy in 1987 recommended its height to be 8,872m and in 1992 the Italian Survey came with another surprising result that was 8,846m. In 1999, a survey led by America claimed its height to be 8,850m. And the latest Survey by China in 2005 claims its height to be 8,844m.
Though there is eternal debate regarding its height, most people agree with 8,848m. It is believed that Everest is growing every year by 4mm due to shifting tectonic plates.
To the Top of the Mount Everest
Everest is the tallest mountain in the world. Climbing Everest is technical and full of challenges. The Death Zone above Camp IV has taken the lives of many expert and technical climbers too. So we should not underestimate the altitude and technical section of this massive giant.
The actual climb of Mount Everest begins after having sufficient peak climbing practices and being completely acclimatized at the Base Camp. The climbers will begin to ascend through the Khumbu Ice Fall towards Camp I (6,100m); the Valley of Silence. It won’t be that much difficult for the climbers because the guides will have already established a route with ropes and ladders. However, they must be careful about endless snow, deep crevasses, and avalanches. At Camp I, they will also have some side hikes and climbing training. Nevertheless, they will have enough acclimatization after each camp.
Then, the climbers will gradually move towards Camp II (6,400m). The expert crew will work hard to put up additional camps. They will provide them with healthy meals and explore the easier route for them.
After that, the climbers will climb up to Camp III (6,800m) through the Lhotse face. The climb will be either easy or hard, depending on the weather. From here the climb will be comparatively challenging because they have to encounter so many obstacles. They will have to use oxygen cylinders towards Camp IV (8,000m).
From Camp IV, the wall towards the summit is very steep and dark. This section of the Everest is also called the “Death Zone”. They will now be very close to the summit. Taking the weather into consideration they will ascend just about 900m to reach the summit of the tallest mountain of the world from Camp IV.
The actual summit of the mountain is a small dome of snow about the size of a dining room table. There’s room for a half dozen or so climbers to stand and enjoy the view, although on busy days mountaineers must take turns to truly stand on top of the world. The trail towards the summit from Camp IV passes through the narrow ridge and it’s very steep. It is the most dangerous section of the Everest as well.
Why is it difficult to climb Mount Everest?
Climbing Mount Everest is not easy. The tallest mountain of the world does have many difficulties. Many factors make the climb challenging and technically difficult. First of all the mountain is very tall. Secondly, the mountain of such extreme height is prone to Acute Mountain Sickness. Besides that unpredictable weather, jet stream wind, crevasses, avalanches, ice wall and glaciers also poise some difficulties. In this section, I am going to tell you about some factors that make the climb of Mount Everest very difficult.
Acute Mountain Sickness also referred to as the Altitude Sickness is the biggest risk of climbing Mount Everest. The more height you gain, the less will be the level of oxygen. At such tremendous heights, our body cannot adjust to the environment due to the thin layer of oxygen in the atmosphere. Then, the climbers suffer from altitude sickness. The condition is even worst above the death zone. Therefore, it remains as the major difficulty to climb this massive peak.
Another important factor that makes the ascent of the Everest very difficult is its temperature. The temperature of Everest is very extreme. It is always below the freezing point. The fact is that 0.65˚C temperature decreases at every 100m ascent. It means that at the summit of Mount Everest the temperature is 57˚C less than the temperature of the sea level. The temperature drops up to minus 37˚C on an average in the winter season. It gets even colder during the night. Therefore, Mount Everest is an inhospitable place for the climbers.
The weather of Mount Everest is one of the most extreme weather in the world. No one can predict the weather. It changes every hour. It also creates some difficulties for the climbers.
One of the main reasons for the deaths on Everest is the falls. These are quite frequent at the higher camps and the summit ridges. If you don’t have sufficient knowledge and experience about the ice and snow, you will have more potentiality of the dangers of the ice falls.
Many people believe that avalanches are twice as frequent as the falls in the Mount Everest. There are certain areas that are known for this hazard. The Khumbu Icefall and the South Col beneath the Lhotse Face are some of them. In addition to these, the slope on the summit ridge also does have frequent avalanches. These are the areas that are more dangerous to cross. Therefore, climbers do not have to spend much time crossing these sections and they have to cross them before the sun heats the ice.
Crevasses are the great vertical cracks on the snow. They are very dangerous and they have already swallowed dozens of careless mountaineers. The great cracks on the glacial ice in the Khumbu Ice Falls and Western Slopes of the Everest have made the climb very difficult.
The final section of Mount Everest is the most challenging and it is a frightening experience. On the one hand, the joys of stepping on the roof of the world are incomparable and on the other hand, it is heart shivering experience. The final 900m climb of the summit is very challenging because the tails pass through the narrow ridge and the climbers must face the jet stream. On the other hand, the summit is extremely steep.
How long does it take to climb Mount Everest?
Climbing Mount Everest is not everyone’s reach. It is the tallest mountain in the world and climbing it is more expensive than buying a luxury car. It does not only depend on money, one needs to have plenty of time, physical and mental stamina to accomplish it. In addition to this, one also must have adequate preparation for mountaineering.
Climbing Mount Everest is a long expedition. It takes around 60 to 65 days to climb Mount Everest. Most of these days are spent on acclimatization and climbing training. Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world and Altitude Sickness is quite common at such heights. Therefore, it is a must to have proper acclimatization to adjust your body in the mountain.
The actual climb of Mount Everest begins from the Base Camp (5,316 m). The vertical distance of Mount Everest is only 3.5 Km from the Base Camp. Even though the distance is less, it demands a high degree of respect to the altitude and other potential challenges to overcome them. Therefore, it takes almost two months to complete this adventure.
Irrespective of the days spent on acclimatization, the core days for climbing the Everest is around 44 days. But some climbers have accomplished this even quicker for record-keeping. However, climbing Mount Everest requires many more days than you have ever imagined. And it is essential also to adjust your body to the high altitude where the level of oxygen is very thin.
Unbelievable Records on Climbing Time
Mount Everest holds some astonishing records on different names. The record for the fastest Everest climb with supplemental oxygen is 10 hours and 56 minutes and 46 seconds belonging to Lakpa Gelu Sherpa of Nepal. Similarly, Aman Kumar Sinha from India has accomplished it within 20 hours and 24 minutes without the support. Jorden Romero of America is the youngest climber of Everest who has stepped on the summit at the age of 13 and Yuichiro Miura from Japan is the oldest climber of Everest. Miura holds the record of climbing Everest at the age of 80.
Success Rate of Mount Everest
Mount Everest is the highest peak and one of the very difficult mountains for a mountain expedition. However, the attraction of climbing Mount Everest is growing steadily. Every year around 500 to 1000 climber heads towards Mount Everest during the climbing season.
Many people have the curiosity that what is the success rate of the Everest. The answer is yet difficult. Surprisingly, a new survey carried out by the Researchers of the University of Washington and the University of California shows that the success rate of Mount Everest has doubled in the last three decades. The number of climbers has increased significantly over the years. However, the death rate of climbers has remained the same, which is 1 % since 1090. The survey report presents that the number of climbers who successfully set foot on the summit has doubled since the 1990s, reaching as high as 60% in the past decade.
The summit success rates have increased significantly in the last 20 years. The success rates for 2006–2019 are essentially double than those for 1990–2005. Between 1990 and 2005, 32.7% of 214 women and 32.9% of 1,702 men attempting Everest reached the summit. Between 2006 and 2019, 68.2% of 548 women and 64.4% of 2,860 men attempting Everest reached the summit. In other words, about two-thirds of climbers who went above Base Camp between 2006 and 2019 reached the summit.
Researches show that there is no change in the death ratio since the inception of the Everest expedition. Overall death rates have declined between 1990–2005 and 2006–2019, though only slightly (1.6% vs. 1.0%). Death rates are slightly lower for women than for men (0.5% of 548 women vs. 1.1% of 2,860 men for the period 2006–2019). Death rates are slightly higher on the north side than on the south side (1.5% vs. 0.7%). Surprisingly, the death ratio of both young and elderly climbers is the same. And the same is the case with the success ratio.
Mount Everest is also a treacherous mountain. It is not as easy as walking in a park. Many unfortunate climbers have waged their lives at this peak. The beautiful mountain does have a grim reality that is Everest preserves the dead bodies of many unidentified climbers. In recent years many such bodies are being exposed on Mount Everest as its glaciers melt.
Nearly 300 climbers have died on the peak since the first ascent attempt and two-thirds of bodies are thought to be buried in the snow and ice. Those bodies remained unexcavated for hundreds of years. But now, because of global warming, the ice sheets and glaciers are melting fast and the dead bodies that remained buried all these years are now becoming exposed.
In 2017, the hand of a dead mountaineer appeared above the ground at camp I and it was excavated by the professional climbers of the Sherpa community. The same year another body appeared above the Khumbu Glacier. Authorities say that most of the dead bodies are being exposed in the same region. Similarly, dead bodies are also becoming exposed at the South Col, also known as Camp IV. Hands, Legs, and other parts of the bodies are also found at the Base Camp over the years.
Last but not Least
Mount Everest is the dream destination of every adventure lovers. It is the most beautiful and passionate mountain peak in the universe. However, not everyone has a chance to witness it from nearby. Not everyone can scale the summit of this gigantic peak. To be at the pinnacle of the world is nothing less than conquering the whole world. The glory of conquering this peak is incomparable.
Mount Everest is very much challenging but not inaccessible. If you have sufficient training practices and proper physical and mental condition, leisurely time, sufficient money, you can easily trace out your way to the summit. I strongly recommend you this ultimate adventure to cherish for your lifetime.