Packing List Of Essentials for Climbing Mountains

Climbing is one of the most exhilarating and adventurous sports. But for the safe, secure, and successful climbing of the mountains, it is very necessary to have appropriate climbing gears. It is a must to carry correct clothing and equipment while trekking in Nepal. Correct clothing and essential equipment are therefore mandatory for enjoyable climbing.


Packing the essential Gears is always very important. It is a part of careful and thorough planning of climbing adventure in Nepal. Sometimes packing too much or too little can spoil your trip. So you need to know how much is to be packed. The number of items of clothing you should pack will depend on how long or at which time you will be trekking. For example, for the Everest Base Camp Trek, you will need more clothes than the Poon Hill Trek as it is a much longer trek.

Climbing Gears Lists in Nepal

In Nepal, most of the climbing starts from the lower altitude in moderate temperatures to higher altitudes in cold temperatures. The climate changes dramatically in the Himalayan region. Thus, it is better to do dress in layers so that you can change your clothing with the variation in temperatures.

Climbing a mountain means to struggle with adversities viz. cold temperature, very difficult trails, inhospitable topography, etc. High in the Himalayas, you need to have multiple layers of clothes almost all season because most of the Mountain peaks of Nepal are above 6000 m altitude. Thus, they are covered with snow all the year round.

Packing List of the Essential provides you a general guideline for packing for your upcoming climbing expedition. You can use this list as a guide. The personal items of your individual interest and choice can also be added to the list since your luggage will be carried by the porters.

Most of the items listed below can easily be hired or bought in Kathmandu. Thamel, in Kathmandu, has many shops selling branded as well as locally made trekking and climbing gear and equipment. Please remember that the list given below is just a guideline to help you pack for your adventure. You can use it as a reference to customize your packing list as per your needs.

Things to Consider While Packing for Climbing Mountains in Nepal:

  • Conduct a little research on your own, checking for the day-to-day temperatures and weather patterns.
  • Carry a day pack containing your camera, snacks, and other necessary accessories.
  • Put the most valuable items in a piece of spare luggage and leave it in the hotel locker.
  • Pack a layer of clothes because all the treks and climbs in Nepal start at the lower altitude and end at a high altitude.
  • Pack according to season, duration of the trek, weather, variation in elevation, and your personal needs.
  • Do not pack unnecessary items to make your luggage compact.
  • Always buy or hire quality materials.
  • Don’t make your baggage heavier than 25 Kg in general.

Climbing Equipment

Ice Axe

An Ice Axe is a multi-purpose hiking and climbing tool used by mountaineers for both ascent and descent of routes that remain frozen under ice/ snow. It is a straight and shafted axe with a gently curved pick used for both ascending and descending on icy surfaces. It is a multi-purpose hiking and climbing tool because you can use it for digging, cutting steps, securing a harness or you can simply use it as a walking stick.


A crampon is a grip (traction) device that is attached to the footwear to improve mobility on snow and ice during ice climbing. Crampons are mainly used for ice climbing. They are used for walking on the ice fields and climbing on glaciers. It is very necessary to improve your mobility on snow and ice while climbing.

Climbing Helmet

Climbing Helmets are designed to protect your head from potential injury during mountain climbing. Falling of rocks and stones is most common in the mountains. Therefore, you must have a climbing helmet to protect yourself from such danger.

When you buy or hire a helmet, you must not take a helmet that is old and the helmet must be adjustable so there will be some room for your warm beanie.

Climbing Harness

It is a strap worn around the waist with loops to fit in your thighs. It is worn for securing you to a rope or an anchor. It must be well fitted and comfortable. It should be flexible to fit with a variety of clothing combinations.

Belay/Rappel Device

It is a mechanical piece of climbing equipment used to control a rope during belaying. It acts as a friction brake so that when a climber falls with any slack in the rope, the fall is stopped dramatically.

For your ease, we recommend you to get an ATC style. Or you can get other sizes if you’re familiar with it.

Locking Carabiners 3

Carabiners are widely used in rope-intensive activities such as climbing, arboriculture, caving, sailing, hot air ballooning, rope rescue, construction, etc. They are mainly made from steel and aluminum.

Life-supporting carabiners must be strong and also secure against the unconditional opening underuse. All carabiners with a spring-loaded gate are self-closing (single action). Several are also self-locking (double action), some even self- double locking (triple-action).

Locking carabiners have the same general shape as non-locking carabiners but have an additional mechanism securing the gate. These mechanisms may be threaded sleeves (screw-lock), spring-loaded sleeves (twist-lock), magnetic levers (Magnetron), other spring-loaded unlocking levers, or opposing double spring-loaded gates (Twin-Gate).

Non-Locking Carabiners 3

Non-locking carabiners have a sprung swinging gate that accepts a rope, webbing sling, or other hardware. Rock climbers frequently connect two non-locking carabiners with a short length of webbing to create a quick draw.

Non-locking carabiners are used to connect several ropes during the climb. Three pairs of this device are enough. But, make sure they are lightweight.

Yala Peak Summit at 5500 m

Mechanical Ascenders

A Mechanical Ascender is a device used for directly ascending a rope, or for facilitating protection with a fixed rope when climbing on very steep mountain terrain. Ascenders can also be used as a braking component within a rope hauling system, often used in a rescue situation.

A mechanical ascender is attached to a rope while climbing. They allow you to ascend further without having to put much effort. You only need one such device.

8 mm Cord/ 16 mm Tape

The purpose of the cord and tape is to attach your harness to the mechanical ascender. You need to make a leash that connects these devices and a cord perfectly.

Long Prusik

It is a knot to attach a loop of cord around a rope. The Prusik Loop is used in mountaineering, climbing, and tying knots. They are also used in rope rescue.

A prusik is a knot that is used for attaching several cords to a single rope. For climbing purposes, a long prusik with a 6 mm cord works great. You need to take a 3.2 meters long rope that will later be used as a prusik for rescuing purposes.

Avalanche Transceiver

It is a device used solely for safety purposes. During an avalanche, you can receive signals from avalanche victims utilizing this device.

Pick a simple device that is easy to use. A 457MHZ standard model or digital avalanche transceiver will do the better job.

Body Wear

Waterproof Shell Jacket

Climbing a mountain is a difficult task basically because of the harsh climate. A shell jacket that’s waterproof fabric protects you from the harsh climate while climbing a mountain. Pick one with a water-resistant zip and chest pockets. The jacket should not be too long, or it may cause difficulty in connecting your harness with the holding cables.

Waterproof Shell Trouser

The waterproof shell trousers for climbing must allow you to take big steps easily. They must include full-length zippers that let you put the boots and socks on or off.

Expedition Down Jacket and Trouser

These types of clothing provide the highest protection from the utmost cold. Wear an expedition-down jacket and trousers to fight the cold. It is better to Purchase a separate pair of this type of jacket and trousers for flexibility. An all-in-one bodysuit is difficult to manage.

Mid-weight Insulated Jacket

This type of jacket is made with synthetic insulation that prevents heat loss from your body. During cold temperatures, waterproof jackets are just not enough.

Fleece Tops and Trousers

It is necessary to wear fleece tops and trousers as inner wears under the insulated jacket. A lightweight fleece top maintains thermoregulation. Few zipped pockets in these clothes let you store small items safe during the climb.

Pisang Peak Climbing

Base Layers- Top and Bottom

The thermal base for the top should be thin. They may or may not include a zipper. For the bottom, take a few pairs of long underwear. Besides, carry a thermal thin trouser for further heat loss prevention.

Foot Wear

Snow Gaiters

A long snow gaiter prevents stones and pebbles from entering your boots. Search for a gaiter that extends from the middle of your boot to the top of your calf muscle.

Mountaineering Boots

Bring along a pair of boots for mountaineering purposes. The high-altitude mountaineering boots are designed specifically for climbing up more than 8000m of mountains.

It would be best if you got the most comfortable boots with a removable liner and one that provides enough room for your toes.

Down Divvy Boots

You cannot wear mountaineering boots while sleeping in your bag or inside the tent. For this, you need down-divvy boots that have lightweight and water-resistant properties.

Head Wears

Warm Hat

Your hat should be warm enough to protect you from the cold. It should be very tight, so it won’t fly away due to high winds.

Ski Goggles

Carry a pair of goggles that are the right fit for your face. If you’re wearing prescription glasses, then these goggles should be able to hold them inside.

Carry at least two pairs of goggles, one with a polarized lens and the other with an amber lens. This protects your eyes from different situations.

Hand Wear

Fleece Gloves

This type of gloves protects your fingers from cold. You can wear these for adding grip while climbing.

Mountaineering Gloves

This type of gloves is great for climbing with ropes. Search for a durable model that is waterproof and fits right.

Expedition Mittens

These gloves provide the best protection from cold, though they cannot offer grip while climbing. You can wear wrist loops to prevent it from blowing away.

Camping Gears

Down Sleeping Bags

This type of sleeping bag lets you sleep almost anywhere during your climb. The bag should include insulation and also should include some moving space for you.

Foam and Inflatable Sleeping Mat

These two types of sleeping mats provide insulation from snow while sleeping on such high altitudes. You can place your sleeping bag above these layers.

Random Accessories

Head Lamps

This device lights up your surroundings without the need for a torch. But, make sure to bring some extra batteries with this device as well.

Mt Everest Expedition

First Aid Kit

Carry a first aid box with essential medical items, such as blister skin, crepe bandage, Paracetamol, etc.

Tool Kit

Some of the portable tools like Swiss knives and lighters can definitely come in handy in such isolated places. Make sure to carry a box with you to place all these items.


Climbing a mountain is not safe, secure, and easy unless you prepare well. If you do not prepare well, your whole journey will be spoiled. For the easy, safe, and pleasant hike in the mountain, packing the essentials appropriately and sufficiently is a must.

Conducting a brief survey on your about the essential is a smart decision. The equipment and gears for all the treks and climbs are not similar. The choices of the essentials greatly depend on the season, length of the trek, topography, climate, etc.

If you are a novice trekker, you have to be very much careful regarding the packing. The above-mentioned gears and essentials are the basics for climbing. They can be easily found in Thamel. You can either buy or hire them. Do not worry; we have all the quality stuff here in Nepal.

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