Where is Mount Everest located?
Mount Everest (8,848 m/ 29,029 ft) is located inside the Sagarmatha National Park. The Sagarmatha National Park lies in the northeastern part of Nepal in the Solukhumbu district. Solukhumbu district is home to some of the highest mountain peaks in the world. The summit of Mount Everest is the international border between Nepal and China. Mount Everest is part of the Mahalangur sub-mountain range in the Khumbu region. Maha Langur sub-range is in itself part of the larger Himalayan Range. The Himalayan range stretches from Afghanistan to Bhutan. The Himalayas are one of the youngest mountain ranges in the world. It is home to all top ten highest peaks in the world.
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Where is Sagarmatha National Park?
Sagarmatha National Park lies in the northern part of the Solukhumbu district. The Solukhumbu district is a part of Province 1 in Nepal. Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1976 AD. The objective of the park was to protect the ecology of the region. Sagarmatha National Park became a UNESCO world heritage site in 1979. The total area of Sagarmatha National Park is 1,148 square kilometers. The peak of Mount Everest lies on the northern border of the park. The Qomolangma National Nature Preserve in Tibet lies in the northern part of Sagarmatha National Park. The Rolwaling Valley lies on the west of Sagarmatha National Park and the Makalu Barun National Park lies on its east.
Physical (Geographic) Location of Mount Everest
The geographic position of Mount Everest is 27° 59’ North Latitude and 86° 55’ East Longitude. The southern slope of Mount Everest falls in Ward number 4 of the Khumjung Village Development Committee in Solukhumbu District. The northern slope lies in the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China. Mount Everest is located directly opposite to the Lhotse (8,516 m) peak. Lhotse and Everest are in fact twin peaks. A sharp ridge connects the two peaks. The Camp 4 of Everest is the intersection point for the path to these two peaks. Lhotse is the fourth highest peak in the world. Mount Everest is also surrounded by other peaks like Nuptse, Khumbutse also Changtse.
Where is Nepal located in the world map?
Nepal is a land-locked country in South Asia. It is bordered by China in the north and India on the remaining three sides. Nepal is a mountainous country with more than 80 percent of the nation covered by hills and mountains. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. The old name of Kathmandu was Nepal. The name was later adopted for the country. Kathmandu is one of the oldest cities in the world. The cultural monuments of the city provide a glimpse into the different eras of Nepal. We will see monuments and relics from Malla, Lichhavi and Kirat period in Kathmandu. Pokhara, Chitwan, Biratnagar and Butwal are the other major cities of Nepal.
The climate of Nepal is subtropical to temperate on the southern side. The northern side is cold throughout the year. Agriculture is the largest industry of the country followed by tourism. Nepali people view their guests as gods therefore the hospitality of Nepalese is acclaimed all over the world. Nepal is a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural country. Visitors are charmed with the diversity of Nepal.
How old is Mount Everest?
Mount Everest is over 40 million years old. The mountain was formed when tectonic shifts caused the collision of Indian subcontinent with the Tibetan plateau. The Indian Subcontinent, was a part of the Indo-Australian plate before collison. The Tibetan Plateau was a part of the Eurasian plate. Both of them collided about 50 millions years ago. There was a sea named Tethys sea in the place where Nepal and India now exist. After the two pieces of plate collided, the resulting force caused the land in between to rise up. Thus the Himalayas were formed.
Since the Indian plate is still pushing and moving towards the Eurasian plate, the height of Mount Everest and other Himalayan peaks are increasing every year. This makes it difficult to determine the age of Mount Everest. However, we can safely assume that the Himalayas were well and truly looking over the landscape in Nepal and Tibet some 40 million years ago. Because the HImalayas are located at active tectonic region, it is also home to a lot of seismic activity.
How did Mount Everest get its name?
Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest. He was the Surveyor General of India when India was under British rule. He had undertaken numerous surveys of Everest when he was in India. In 1865, the Royal Geographical Society of Britain decided to name Everest in his honor. This name was widely accepted in the western world and it became the mostly used one in subsequent generations. Westerners and outsiders used to refer the mountain as simply Peak XV before it got its name.
The local Tibetic name of Mount Everest is Chomolungma which means Goddess Mother of the Universe. It is known as Sagarmatha in Nepali, which means the forehead of the sky. The Nepali name is widely used in Nepal along with the English name. People local to Solukhumbu still refer to it as Chomulungma.
First ascent to Mount Everest
People from outside Nepal first became aware of the existence of Everest in the early part of the 19th century. Most of the early visitors to Nepal were British people who were part of the British East India Company. The company was the de-facto ruler of India then and its representatives made rare sojourns to Nepal. The visitors found out that Everest was one of the highest peaks in the world but serious study and expedition were not possible because Nepal was reluctant to let in visitors during that time.
The first attempt to climb Everest was made in 1921 by a British Expedition from the northern side in Tibet. There were many expeditions to Everest following this one. However, the first successful ascent to Everest was made in 1953 by the duo of Tenzing Norgay Sherpa (Nepal) and Sir Edmund Hillary (New Zealand).
Since then more than 10,000 successful ascent of Everest have been made. The list of successful climbers is made up of more than 5,000 different people. Nearly 300 people have died while attempting the summit. Most of the climbers are the Sherpa people of Nepal, who are native of the Khumbu region. The Sherpa people are also famous for their unique culture and stupendous hospitality. People in Nepal regard their guests as gods. Visitors to the Everest region therefore experience a truly breathtaking combination of natural beauty and hospitality in the Shangrila land.